Friday, April 16, 2021

Fact Check

"Kids in cages" in border facilities are "at 700% capacity."

Newly arrived migrant children inside a temporary federal facility for unaccompanied minors in Donna, Texas, on March 30, 2021. (APSource link

NO FUE REAL: Una mirada a lo que no sucedió esta semana

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO (AP) — Un resumen de las historias e imágenes más populares, pero completamente falsas de la semana. Ninguna de éstas es...

“There is racism physically built into some of our highways.”

The Overtown neighborhood in Miami, Fla. (Pietro, Creative Commons)Source link

NOT REAL NEWS: A look at what didn’t happen this week

A roundup of some of the most popular but completely untrue stories and visuals of the week. None of these are legit, even though...

Says Joe Biden is “withholding $150 million in aid from Ukraine” to “pressure Ukraine to drop all criminal investigations into him and his son,...

U.S. Vice President Joe Biden, center, son Hunter Biden, left, and his sister Valerie Biden Owens, right, at a ceremony in Sojevo, Kosovo, Aug....

No, Majorie Taylor Greene didn’t erase Matt Gaetz from her Twitter feeds

If Your Time is shortMajorie Taylor Greene did not delete old tweets about Matt Gaetz, and she continues to show her support for him...

US Politics
Latest

Bowing to Trump? GOP brings leaders, donors to his backyard

PALM BEACH, Fla. (AP) — There will be no reckoning at the Republican National Committee.Three months after former President Donald Trump helped incite a...

Big spending on personal security ignites post-Jan. 6 debate over members’ budgets

That spending — all revealed in recent campaign finance disclosures — spotlights a challenge many lawmakers are eager to tackle this month: how to...

Mayor pardoned by Trump wins another term in Illinois town

METTAWA, Ill. (AP) — Voters in a small Illinois town reelected a mayor who ran a write-in campaign after President Donald Trump pardoned him...

Democrats agonize over game theory on Biden’s $2T-plus spending plan

But as much as Republicans trust Coons is acting in good faith, his idea doesn’t address the divisive political question of how to pay...

Group to study more justices, term limits for Supreme Court

WASHINGTON (AP) — President Joe Biden has ordered a study on overhauling the Supreme Court, creating a bipartisan commission Friday that will spend the...

LGBTQ

Congressman André Carson champions LGBTQ rights. This is why. / LGBTQ Nation

The latest episode of the LGBTQ Nation podcast has arrived and we’ve got an extra special show this week. Congress member André Carson (D-IN) joins host...

Colton Underwood’s coming out could finally give us a gay Bachelor season / LGBTQ Nation

Colton UnderwoodPhoto: ShutterstockNineteen years after season one of The Bachelor premiered, there may finally be a season starring a gay bachelor. On April 14, former...

Ellen tried to explain why crocodiles “walk gayly” / LGBTQ Nation

On her show yesterday, Ellen DeGeneres tried to explain why crocodiles walk “gayly.” She was talking about how Yahoo! announced that after 16 years of...

Tech

New this Week: ‘Kung Fu,’ ‘Rebel’ and ‘Thunder Force’

New this Week: ‘Kung Fu,’ ‘Rebel’ and ‘Thunder Force’ Source link

Man pleads no contest to killing woman in Great Falls motel

GREAT FALLS, Mont. (AP) — A man who pleaded no contest to deliberate homicide for killing a woman at a Great Falls motel in...

Researchers study impact of pandemic cancer screening pause

Must read

Bowing to Trump? GOP brings leaders, donors to his backyard

PALM BEACH, Fla. (AP) — There will be no reckoning at the Republican National Committee.Three months after former President Donald Trump helped incite a...

"Kids in cages" in border facilities are "at 700% capacity."

Newly arrived migrant children inside a temporary federal facility for unaccompanied minors in Donna, Texas, on March 30, 2021. (APSource link

NO FUE REAL: Una mirada a lo que no sucedió esta semana

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO (AP) — Un resumen de las historias e imágenes más populares, pero completamente falsas de la semana. Ninguna de éstas es...

Big spending on personal security ignites post-Jan. 6 debate over members’ budgets

That spending — all revealed in recent campaign finance disclosures — spotlights a challenge many lawmakers are eager to tackle this month: how to...

John Abraham’s colonoscopy was postponed for several months because of the pandemic. When he finally got it, doctors found a growth too big to be removed safely during the scope exam. He had to wait several weeks for surgery, then several more to learn it had not yet turned cancerous.

“I absolutely wonder if I had gotten screened when I was supposed to have, if this would have been different” and surgery could have been avoided, said Abraham, a mortgage banker in Peoria, Illinois.

Millions of colonoscopies, mammograms, lung scans, Pap tests and other cancer screenings were suspended for several months last spring in the United States and elsewhere as COVID-19 swamped medical care.

Now researchers are studying the impact, looking to see how many cancers were missed and whether tumors found since then are more advanced.

Already, there are hints of trouble. University of Cincinnati researchers found that when CT scans to check for lung cancer resumed in June, 29% of patients had suspicious nodules versus 8% in prior years.

Multiple studies suggest that fewer cancers were diagnosed last year, likely because of less screening. About 75 cancer organizations recently urged a return to prepandemic screening levels as soon as safely possible.

ratio
Youtube video thumbnail

But tumors take years to develop, and some reports suggest that a few months’ delay in screening for certain types of cancer may not have been as bad as feared. For example, researchers in the Netherlands found that a lapse in that country’s mammography program did not lead to more cancers being found at a late stage after screening resumed.

The pandemic also bred some creative solutions, such as wider use of tests that can be done at home. In Philadelphia, a large church partnered with local doctors and used its drive-thru flu shot program to also pass out stool tests for colon cancer screening.

“We’re not afraid to try anything as it relates to health and wellness,” said the Rev. Leroy Miles of Enon Tabernacle Baptist Church. “The women were encouraging men to get the screening, saying, ‘I got my mammogram.’ And I’m saying, ‘ma’am, you have a colon too.’”

SCREENING’S MERITS

Screening tests differ in their risks and benefits, and health experts have long debated who should get which ones and how often. The pandemic lapse may serve as a “natural experiment” to see their value in modern times versus what’s known from studies done long ago.

Any difference in deaths may not be seen for years, and early detection is only one factor in survival. Treatment also matters and it was hurt by pandemic delays too.

Dr. Ned Sharpless, director of the U.S. National Cancer Institute, estimates there could be nearly 10,000 excess deaths over the next decade because of delayed detection and treatment of breast and colon cancers. Postponing care “was prudent at one time” because of the risks of COVID-19 exposure, but deferring for too long “may turn one public health crisis into many others,” he wrote in the journal Science.

Based on what’s known about breast cancer deaths from past years in the United States, about 10% “could have been prevented if women were getting routine screening,” but 20% to 25% could have been prevented with appropriate treatment, said Dr. Otis Brawley, a Johns Hopkins University professor and former chief medical officer of the American Cancer Society.

“That’s not to say screening is not important, but many people think that cancer screening saves more lives than it actually does,” Brawley said.

A short-term delay may not hurt mortality much if screening resumes quickly, as it needs to do, he said.

Some reassuring news came at a recent American Association for Cancer Research conference from Sabine Siesling of the Netherlands Comprehensive Cancer Organization. That country offers women ages 50 to 74 a mammogram every two years but stopped in mid-March because of COVID-19. After it resumed in late summer, results “did not show any shift” to more advanced tumors, she reported.

Researchers from Massachusetts General and Brigham and Women’s Hospital analyzed their screening tests for lung, cervical, colon, prostate and breast cancer. Screening dropped dramatically from March through June but the portion that found cancer or a precancer was higher than usual, suggesting that those who did get screened were at higher risk. When screening returned to near-normal from June to September, the number of potentially “missed” cancers was lower than expected.

GETTING CREATIVE

When 43-year-old actor Chadwick Boseman died of colon cancer last summer, Miles feared for the 12,000 members of his Philadelphia church. Black people are more likely to die of the disease than other groups, and there was limited access to colonoscopies, which can find and remove growths before they turn cancerous.

Miles, who has drawn more than 1,000 church members to other health events, called the University of Pennsylvania and said, “we know how to get people to come if you’re willing and able to set something up.”

Dr. Carmen Guerra had a federal grant to increase screening in racially diverse communities and realized that home tests could help. Studies show these tests, which look for blood in stool, help save lives. People put a tiny stool sample in a tube and mail it to a lab or, in this case, use a drop box at the church. If blood is found, the next step is colonoscopy.

Doctors passed out kits in the parking lot during a drive-thru flu shot event in October. Church members had to watch a video about colon cancer in advance and register to ensure they qualified for screening.

So far, 154 kits have been returned. Stacy Hill was among the 13 who tested positive. The 48-year-old Philadelphia woman had just lost her job and health insurance. Her colonoscopy revealed two growths that, like Abraham’s, were caught before they turned cancerous.

“I was shocked,” Hill said. “I’m a proactive-type person so I was glad to know.”

The doctors also helped her enroll in Medicaid, “so now I have medical insurance” and can continue getting cancer screenings, she said.

The church hopes to offer the home tests again during blood pressure and diabetes screening events this spring.

___

The Associated Press Health and Science Department receives support from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute’s Department of Science Education. The AP is solely responsible for all content.

Source link

- Advertisement -

More articles

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Latest article

Bowing to Trump? GOP brings leaders, donors to his backyard

PALM BEACH, Fla. (AP) — There will be no reckoning at the Republican National Committee.Three months after former President Donald Trump helped incite a...

"Kids in cages" in border facilities are "at 700% capacity."

Newly arrived migrant children inside a temporary federal facility for unaccompanied minors in Donna, Texas, on March 30, 2021. (APSource link

NO FUE REAL: Una mirada a lo que no sucedió esta semana

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO (AP) — Un resumen de las historias e imágenes más populares, pero completamente falsas de la semana. Ninguna de éstas es...

Big spending on personal security ignites post-Jan. 6 debate over members’ budgets

That spending — all revealed in recent campaign finance disclosures — spotlights a challenge many lawmakers are eager to tackle this month: how to...

Mayor pardoned by Trump wins another term in Illinois town

METTAWA, Ill. (AP) — Voters in a small Illinois town reelected a mayor who ran a write-in campaign after President Donald Trump pardoned him...